Alexander Murray (geologist)

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Alexander Murray
Geologist Alexander Murray.png
Alexander Murray
Born(1810-06-02)2 June 1810
Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland
Died18 December 1884(1884-12-18) (aged 74)
NationalityScotland Scottish
Known forGeology of Newfoundland
Scientific career
InstitutionsGeological Survey of Newfoundland

Alexander Murray, CMG (2 June 1810 – 18 December 1884) was a Scottish geologist.

Murray was born in Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland. He worked as a geologist in the United Kingdom and Canada, before moving to Newfoundland in 1864 to become the first director of the Geological Survey of Newfoundland. His first major task was to produce a reliable topographical map of the interior of the island. Murray did detailed work in the area between Hall's Bay and St. George's Bay, as well as the area surrounding Conception, Placentia and St. Mary's bays. He also mapped parts of the Great Northern Peninsula and central Newfoundland.

Murray produced the first geological map of Newfoundland and his reports of rich resources in the island's interior were an important factor in the decision to build the trans-island railway in 1881.

Poor health caused him to return to Scotland in 1883.

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