Brighton, Iowa

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Brighton, Iowa
Brighton iowa.jpg
Motto(s): 
Home of Lake Darling State Park
Location of Brighton, Iowa
Location of Brighton, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°10′24″N 91°49′15″W / 41.17333°N 91.82083°W / 41.17333; -91.82083Coordinates: 41°10′24″N 91°49′15″W / 41.17333°N 91.82083°W / 41.17333; -91.82083
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyWashington
Government
 • MayorMelvin Rich
Area
 • Total0.71 sq mi (1.84 km2)
 • Land0.71 sq mi (1.84 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
755 ft (230 m)
Population
 • Total652
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
647
 • Density918/sq mi (354.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
52540
Area code(s)319
FIPS code19-08470
GNIS feature ID0454825
Website[1]

Brighton is a city in Washington County, Iowa, United States. It's part of the Iowa City, Iowa Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 652 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Brighton was laid out in 1840.[4] Once was a major railroad junction of the Chicago & Rock Island, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, and Minneapolis & St.Louis.[5] During the 1840s and 1850 quickly developed into one of the largest centres of hog production west of the Mississippi.[6] In 1851, David Powers discovered the fossil remains of a Mastodon. The fossil was three and a half feet long, fourteen inches wide at the larger end, and weighed eighty-three pounds.[7] In 1854 Brighton was sorely afflicted by the Cholera.[6]

Geography[edit]

Brighton is located at 41°10′24″N 91°49′15″W / 41.17333°N 91.82083°W / 41.17333; -91.82083 (41.173361, -91.820784).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.71 square miles (1.84 km2), all of it land.[1]

Brighton is located where Iowa State Road 78 and Iowa State Road 1 meet and is located near the Skunk River and near Lake Darling State Park.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1870785—    
1880836+6.5%
1890861+3.0%
1900807−6.3%
1910776−3.8%
19201,014+30.7%
1930800−21.1%
1940791−1.1%
1950705−10.9%
1960724+2.7%
1970632−12.7%
1980804+27.2%
1990684−14.9%
2000687+0.4%
2010652−5.1%
2018647−0.8%
Source:"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-03-29. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 652 people, 269 households, and 178 families living in the city. The population density was 918.3 inhabitants per square mile (354.6/km2). There were 295 housing units at an average density of 415.5 per square mile (160.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.8% White, 0.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 269 households of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.8% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 687 people, 285 households, and 190 families living in the city. The population density was 955.3 people per square mile (368.4/km²). There were 302 housing units at an average density of 419.9 per square mile (161.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.27% White, 0.44% African American and 0.29% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.

There were 285 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,139, and the median income for a family was $35,781. Males had a median income of $27,450 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,140. About 8.9% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 8, 2020.
  4. ^ The History of Washington County, Iowa: Its Cities, Towns, Etc. Union Historical Company. 1944. p. 568.
  5. ^ http://www.iowadot.gov/maps/msp/historical/pdf/1931-front.pdf%7Ctitle=Iowa Department of Transportation 1931 Road Map|last=|first=|date=|website=|publisher=|access-date=
  6. ^ a b c Mielewczik, Michael; Jowett, Kelly; Moll, Janine. "Beehives, Booze and Suffragettes: The "Sad Case" of Ellen S. Tupper (1822–1888), the "Bee Woman" and "Iowa Queen Bee"". Entomologie heute. 31: 113–227. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  7. ^ The History of Washington County, Iowa: Its Cities, Towns, Etc. Union Historical Company. 1944. p. 567.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ Willard, Frances Elizabeth; Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice (1893). A Woman of the Century: Fourteen Hundred-seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in All Walks of Life. Moulton. pp. 726. Ellen Tupper Smith.

External links[edit]