Democratic People's Movement

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Democratic People's Movement

Movimiento Popular Democrático
Historical leadersJaime Hurtado
Founded17 March 1978
Dissolved3 July 2014
Succeeded byPopular Unity
HeadquartersQuito, Ecuador
NewspaperPatria Nueva
Youth wingRevolutionary Youth of Ecuador
IdeologyMarxism–Leninism
Socialism
Political positionLeft-wing
ColoursTurquoise and Orange
Seats in the National Assembly
1 / 137
Website
Official web site

The Democratic People's Movement (Spanish: Movimiento Popular Democrático, MPD) was the electoral wing of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (affiliated with the ICMLPO-U&S) and a political party in Ecuador since 1978.

At the legislative elections of 20 October 2002, the party won at least 3 out of 100 seats. It again won 3 seats at the 2006 elections, where its Presidential candidate Luis Villacis came in 9th place with 1.33% of the vote. In the 2009 National Assembly elections it won 5 out of 124 seats with 4.05% of the vote.

Within 26 years of its founding, the MPD reached 29 national and provincial deputies, a prefect, 33 provincial councilors, 21 mayors and council chairmen, 285 councilors, and 313 parish council members.[1]

Issue 140 (2/2007) of Patria Nueva mentioning Jaime Hurtado, the MPD's assassinated Presidential candidate

The principles of the party can be summarized in its slogan: the "conquest of a popular government, patriotic, democratic, and revolutionary that resolutely applies its program and lays the groundwork for the conquest of socialism."

The MPD was a party with union presence and plays a leading role in the organization of strikes and the politicization of state educational entities through its participation in the National Union of Educators. This has brought it success within the trade unions.

From 9 to 13 July 2007, the MPD and PCMLE jointly organized the XI International Seminar's "Problems of Revolution in Latin America," which was attended by, in addition to the MPD and PCMLE, organizations like the FARC, the Popular Liberation Army of Colombia, the Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front of Chile, the Communist Party of Peru - Red Fatherland, and several other organizations in Ecuador, including the Revolutionary Youth of Ecuador, the Federation of University Students of Ecuador, the General Workers Union of Ecuador, and the United Federation of Affiliates for Peasant Social Security.[2]

MPD published Patria Nueva.

Electoral performance[edit]

Ecuadorian presidential elections[edit]

Election Candidate First round Second round Position
# % # %
1978-1979
1984[3] Jaime Hurtado 161,810 7.3 N/A 4th
1988
1992[3] Fausto Moreno 66,507 2.0 N/A 7th
1996[3] 89,472 2.3 7th
1998[3][4] Maria Eugenia Lima 97,522 2.5 6th
2002
2006[5] Luis Villacís 72,762 1.33 N/A 9th
2009
2013

National Congress elections[edit]

Election Nationwide District Total seats +/-
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1978-1979[3] 68,892 4.8 1 70,590 4.9 0 1 New
1984[3] 123,333 6.1 1 134,036 6.5 2 3 +2
1988[3] 163,562 5.8 2 2 -1
1992[3] 191,870 6.0 ? 152,797 4.8 ? 4 +2
1996[3] 153,714 4.4 ? 150,176 4.3 ? 2 -2
1998[3][4] 151,096 4.3 ? 980,253 2 ? 2 0
2002[6] ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 +1
2006[citation needed] ? ? ? ? ? ? 7 +4
2009[citation needed]

*

? ? 1 ? ? 4 5 -2
2013

*National assembly election.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ El Comercio, "MPD, el brazo callejero de Correa", 20 de marzo de 2007, p. 3
  2. ^ XI Seminario Internacional Archived 5 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  4. ^ a b "LEGISLATIVE ELECTION OF 31 MAY 1998". Adam Carr's Election Archive.
  5. ^ Somogyi, Petr. "THE 2006 ECUADORIAN ELECTIONS: A RADICAL SHIFT TO THE LEFT?" (PDF). Association for International Affairs.
  6. ^ "ECUADOR: parliamentary elections Congreso Nacional, 2002". archive.ipu.org. Retrieved 6 July 2019.

External links[edit]