First Commissioner of Works

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lord John Manners, later 7th Duke of Rutland, who served thrice as First Commissioner of Works in the 1850s and 1860s

The First Commissioner of Works and Public Buildings was a position within the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It took over some of the functions of the First Commissioner of Woods and Forests in 1851 when the portfolio of Crown holdings was divided into the public and the commercial. The position was frequently of cabinet level. The office was renamed Minister of Works and Buildings and First Commissioner of Works in 1940, Minister of Works and Planning in 1942, Minister of Works in 1943 and finally Minister of Public Buildings and Works in 1962. On 15 October 1970 the Ministry was amalgamated in the Department of the Environment.

List of Works Commissioners and Ministers[edit]

First Commissioners of Works (1851–1940)[edit]

First Commissioner of Works
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry
12th Duke of Somerset.png Edward Seymour
Lord Seymour

MP for Totnes
(1804–1885)
1 August
1851
21 February
1852
Whig Russell I
Lord John Manners.jpg Lord John Manners
MP for Colchester
(1818–1906)
4 March
1852
17 December
1852
Conservative Who? Who?
WilliamMolesworth.jpg Sir William Molesworth, Bt
MP for Southwark
(1810–1855)
5 January
1853
21 July
1855
Radical Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)
Sir Benjamin Hall, Bt.jpg Sir Benjamin Hall, Bt
MP for Marylebone
(1802–1867)
21 July
1855
21 February
1858
Whig Palmerston I
Lord John Manners.jpg Lord John Manners
MP for Leicestershire North
(1818–1906)
26 February
1858
11 June
1859
Conservative Derby–Disraeli II
No image.svg Henry FitzRoy
MP for Lewes
(1807–1859)
18 June
1859
17 December
1859
Liberal Palmerston II
William Cowper-Temple, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-85.jpg William Cowper
MP for Hertford
(1811–1888)
9 February
1860
26 June
1866
Liberal
Russell II
Lord John Manners.jpg Lord John Manners
MP for Leicestershire North
(1818–1906)
6 July
1866
1 December
1868
Conservative Derby–Disraeli III
AustenHenryLayard.jpg Austen Henry Layard
MP for Southwark
(1817–1894)
9 December
1868
26 October
1869
Liberal Gladstone I
Acton Smee Ayrton, Vanity Fair, 1869-10-23.jpg Acton Smee Ayrton
MP for Tower Hamlets
(1816–1886)
26 October
1869
11 August
1873
Liberal
William Patrick Adam 27 June 1874.jpg William Patrick Adam
MP for Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire
(1823–1881)
11 August
1873
17 February
1874
Liberal
Henry GC Gordon-Lennox, Vanity Fair, 1870-07-30.jpg Lord Henry Lennox
MP for Chichester
(1821–1886)
21 March
1874
14 August
1876
Conservative Disraeli II
Gerard Noel Vanity Fair 18 March 1871.jpg Gerard Noel
MP for Rutland
(1823–1911)
14 August
1876
21 April
1880
Conservative
William Patrick Adam 27 June 1874.jpg William Patrick Adam
MP for Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire
(1823–1881)
3 May
1880
1880 Liberal Gladstone II
No image.svg George Shaw-Lefevre
MP for Reading
(1831–1928)
29 November
1881
13 February
1885
Liberal
Archibald-Philip-Primrose-5th-Earl-of-Rosebery (cropped).jpg Archibald Primrose
5th Earl of Rosebery

(1847–1929)
13 February
1885
9 June
1885
Liberal
David Plunket Vanity Fair 29 May 1880.jpg David Plunket
MP for Dublin University
(1838–1919)
24 June
1885
28 January
1886
Conservative Salisbury I
No image.svg Albert Parker
3rd Earl of Morley

(1843–1905)
17 February
1886
16 April
1886
Liberal Gladstone III
9thEarlOfElgin.jpg Victor Bruce
9th Earl of Elgin

(1849–1917)
16 April
1886
20 July
1886
Liberal
David Plunket Vanity Fair 29 May 1880.jpg David Plunket
MP for Dublin University
(1838–1919)
5 August
1886
11 August
1892
Conservative Salisbury II
No image.svg George Shaw-Lefevre
MP for Bradford Central
(1831–1928)
18 August
1892
10 March
1894
Liberal Gladstone IV
Herbert Gladstone.jpg Herbert Gladstone
MP for Leeds West
(1854–1930)
10 March
1894
21 June
1895
Liberal Rosebery
Aretas Akers-Douglas.jpg Aretas Akers-Douglas
MP for St Augustine's
(1851–1926)
4 July
1895
11 August
1902
Conservative Salisbury
(III & IV)

(Con.Lib.U.)
Earl of Plymouth.jpg Robert Windsor-Clive
14th Baron Windsor

(1857–1923)
11 August
1902
4 December
1905
Conservative Balfour
(Con.Lib.U.)
Lewis Viscount Harcourt by Solomon J Solomon.jpg Lewis Vernon Harcourt
MP for Rossendale
(1863–1922)
10 December
1905
3 November
1910
Liberal  
Campbell-Bannerman
 
Asquith
(I–III)
Earl beauchamp1900.jpg William Lygon
7th Earl Beauchamp

(1872–1938)
3 November
1910
6 August
1914
Liberal
Alfred Emmott.jpg Alfred Emmott
1st Baron Emmott

(1858–1926)
6 August
1914
25 May
1915
Liberal
Lewis Viscount Harcourt by Solomon J Solomon.jpg Lewis Vernon Harcourt
MP for Rossendale
(1863–1922)
25 May
1915
10 December
1916
Liberal Asquith Coalition
(Lib.Con.Lab.)
Alfred Mond.jpg Sir Alfred Mond, Bt
MP for Swansea West
(1868–1930)
[Note 1]
10 December
1916
1 April
1921
Liberal Lloyd George
(I & II)

(Lib.Con.Lab.)
Crawford27.JPG David Lindsay
27th Earl of Crawford

(1871–1940)
1 April
1921
19 October
1922
Conservative
Ac.stonehaven.jpg Sir John Baird, Bt
MP for Ayr Burghs
(1874–1941)
31 October
1922
22 January
1924
Conservative Law
Baldwin I
Frederick William Jowett 1924.jpg Fred Jowett
MP for Bradford East
(1864–1944)
22 January
1924
3 November
1924
Labour MacDonald I
Earl Peel cropped.jpg William Wellesley Peel
2nd Viscount Peel

(1867–1937)
10 November
1924
18 October
1928
Conservative Baldwin II
Charles (Charlie) Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry.jpg Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart
7th Marquess of Londonderry

(1878–1949)
18 October
1928
4 June
1929
Conservative
Photo 7 Council 1938, WRI George Lansbury head crop.jpg George Lansbury
MP for Bow and Bromley
(1859–1940)
7 June
1929
24 August
1931
Labour MacDonald II
Charles (Charlie) Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry.jpg Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart
7th Marquess of Londonderry

(1878–1949)
25 August
1931
5 November
1931
Conservative National I
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
William Ormsby-Gore 1936.jpg William Ormsby-Gore
MP for Stafford
(1885–1964)
5 November
1931
16 June
1936
Conservative National II
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
National III
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
Stanhope7.JPG James Stanhope
7th Earl Stanhope

(1880–1967)
16 June
1936
27 May
1937
Conservative
Sir Philip Sassoon.jpg Sir Philip Sassoon, Bt
MP for Hythe
(1888–1939)
27 May
1937
7 June
1939
Conservative National IV
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury.jpg Herwald Ramsbotham
MP for Lancaster
(1887–1971)
7 June
1939
3 April
1940
Conservative
Chamberlain War
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
No image.svg Herbrand Sackville
9th Earl De La Warr

(1900–1976)
3 April
1940
18 May
1940
National Labour
No image.svg George Tryon
1st Baron Tryon

(1871–1940)
18 May
1940
3 October
1940
Conservative Churchill War
(All parties)

Ministers of Works & Buildings and First Commissioner of Works (1940–1942)[edit]

Minister of Works & Buildings and First Commissioner of Works
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry
No image.svg John Reith
1st Baron Reith

(1889–1971) [Note 2]
3 October
1940
11 February
1942
Independent
(National)
Churchill War
(All parties)

Ministers of Works and Planning (1942–1943)[edit]

Minister of Works and Planning
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry
No image.svg John Reith
1st Baron Reith

(1889–1971)
3 October
1940
11 February
1942
Independent
(National)
Churchill War
(All parties)
No image.svg Wyndham Portal
1st Baron Portal

(1885–1949)
22 February
1942
February
1943
Conservative

Ministers of Works (1943–1962)[edit]

Minister of Works
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry
No image.svg Wyndham Portal
1st Baron Portal

(1885–1949)
February
1943
21 November
1944
Conservative Churchill War
(All parties)
No image.svg Duncan Sandys
MP for Norwood
(1908–1987)
21 November
1944
26 July
1945
Conservative
Churchill Caretaker
(Con.N.Lib.)
No image.svg George Tomlinson
MP for Farnworth
(1890–1952)
4 August
1945
10 February
1947
Labour Attlee
(I & II)
No image.svg Charles Key
MP for Bow and Bromley
(1883–1964)
10 February
1947
28 February
1950
Labour
No image.svg Richard Stokes
MP for Ipswich
(1897–1957)
28 February
1950
26 April
1951
Labour
No image.svg George Brown
MP for Belper
(1914–1985)
26 April
1951
26 October
1951
Labour
No image.svg Sir David Eccles
MP for Chippenham
(1904–1999)
1 November
1951
18 October
1954
Conservative Churchill III
No image.svg Nigel Birch
MP for West Flintshire
(1906–1981)
18 October
1954
20 December
1955
Conservative
No image.svg Patrick Buchan-Hepburn
MP for Beckenham
(1901–1974)
20 December
1955
16 January
1957
Conservative Eden
No image.svg Hugh Molson
MP for High Peak
(1903–1991)
16 January
1957
22 October
1959
Conservative Macmillan
(I & II)
No image.svg Lord John Hope
MP for Edinburgh Pentlands
(1912–1996)
22 October
1959
16 July
1962
Conservative

Ministers of Public Buildings and Works (1962–1970)[edit]

Minister of Public Buildings and Works
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry
Geoffrey Rippon (1970).jpg Geoffrey Rippon
MP for Norwich South
(1924–1997)
16 July
1962
10 October
1964
Conservative Macmillan
(I & II)
Douglas-Home
No image.svg Charles Pannell
MP for Leeds West
(1902–1980)
19 October
1964
6 April
1966
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
No image.svg Reg Prentice
MP for East Ham North
(1923–2001)
6 April
1966
29 August
1967
Labour
No image.svg Bob Mellish
MP for Bermondsey
(1913–1998)
29 August
1967
30 April
1969
Labour
No image.svg John Silkin
MP for Deptford
(1923–1987)
30 April
1969
19 June
1970
Labour
Julian Amery 1965-11-10 (cropped).jpg Julian Amery
MP for Brighton Pavilion
(1919–1996)
23 June
1970
15 October
1970
Conservative Heath

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ MP for Swansea until 1918; MP for Swansea West thereafter
  2. ^ MP for Southampton until 21 October 1940; elevated to the House of Lords as Baron Reith thereafter