14th century in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in the 14th century.
|Medieval and Renaissance literature|
- 1323 – The name Pléiade is adopted by a group of fourteen poets (seven men and seven women) in Toulouse.
- 1324: 3 May (Holy Cross Day) – The Consistori del Gay Saber, founded the previous year in Toulouse to revive and perpetuate the lyric poetry of the Old Occitan troubadors, holds its first contest. Arnaut Vidal de Castelnou d'Ari wins the violeta d'or (golden violet) for a sirventes in praise of the Virgin Mary. At about this date, Raimon de Cornet writes Doctrinal de trobar in support of the aims of the Gay Saber.
- Between 20 January and 21 September – The deposed King Edward II of England perhaps writes the "Lament of Edward II".
- 6 April (Good Friday) – Tuscan writer Petrarch sees a woman he names Laura in the church of Sainte-Claire d'Avignon, which awakes in him a lasting passion. He writes a series of sonnets and other poems in Italian dedicated to her up to about 1368, which are collected into Il Canzoniere, an influential model for Renaissance culture.
- 27 August – Death of Thomas Cobham, Bishop of Worcester in England. His books are bequeathed to the University of Oxford where they are installed in the University Church of St Mary the Virgin, forming the university's first library.
- 1329: February – French poet and composer Guillaume de Machaut is brought to the Siege of Medvėgalis by John of Bohemia so the king's crusading deeds can be commemorated in song and poetry.
- c. 1330 – Production of the Macclesfield Psalter in East Anglia.
- 1331 – Production of the Nuremberg Mahzor.
- 1341: 8 April – Petrarch becomes poet laureate at a ceremony in Rome.
- 1357 – The Polychronicon concludes, Ranulf Higden having ceased work on it at least a dozen years earlier.
- 1360 – The future English writer Geoffrey Chaucer is captured by the French during the Reims campaign of the Hundred Years' War and ransomed by King Edward III of England.
- 1362: September – Petrarch's library is donated to the Republic of Venice, although subsequently dispersed.
- 1370–1398 – Approximate date of production of the earliest part of the Sankt Florian Psalter, one of the earliest surviving texts to use the Polish language.
- 1372 – Old Permic alphabet introduced by Stephen of Perm.
- 1374 – Ludolph of Saxony completes his Vita Christi, which appears first in book form in 1474 and becomes an influence on St Ignatius Loyola in the early 16th century.
- 1377 – Production of the earliest known copy of the Laurentian Codex.
- 1382 – Earliest recorded appearance of Wycliffe's Bible.
- 1384 – Henry of Langenstein writes his letter, De scismate, to Echard von Dersch, Bishop of Worms.
- 1386: October – Geoffrey Chaucer is obliged to give up most of his official offices in London and retires to Kent where he may work on The Canterbury Tales.
- 1388 – Revision of Wycliffe's Bible is completed by John Purvey, and Wyclif's followers, known as Lollards, begin to be persecuted in England.
- 1390–1 – Production of the Book of Ballymote in Ireland.
- 1390s – Production of the Yellow Book of Lecan in Ireland.
- 1397 – Production of the Kiev Psalter in Kiev Rus.
- 1398 – The early 13th century carved wooden text of the Tripitaka Koreana is moved to the Haeinsa Buddhist temple in modern-day South Korea, where it will remain into the 21st century.
- The prose original of the Amadis de Gaula is produced (or perhaps translated into Old Spanish from an earlier 14th-century version), perhaps by the knight Vasco de Lobeira or the troubador João de Lobeira.
- Madhava Kandali produces the Saptakanda Ramayana (a retelling of the Ramayana), one of the earliest written examples of the Assamese language and the first translation from Sanskrit into one of the modern regional Indo-Aryan languages.
- c. 1300
- Anonymous – Gesta Romanorum
- Taliesin – Book of Taliesin, Middle Welsh. Taliesin (c. 534 – c. 599) is a Brythonic bard of Sub-Roman Britain believed to have sung at the courts of at least three Celtic British kings.
- Marguerite Porete – The Mirror of Simple Souls
- Rustichello da Pisa – The Travels of Marco Polo
- c. 1300–10
- Early to mid-14th century
- Shihāb al-Dīn Ahmad bin 'Abd al-Wahhāb al-Nuwayri – The Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition (encyclopedia of Muslim knowledge)
- Anonymous Middle English writer from southern England (possible author of all following)
- Pseudo-Bonaventure – Meditations on the Life of Christ
- Der Busant
- Long Life of Saint Gerard (Legenda maior S. Gerardi, compiled)
- John of Gaddesden – Rosa Medicinæ
- c. 1308–21
- c. 1309–24
- Amir Khusrow – Khazain-ul-Futuh
- Jacques de Longuyon – Les Voeux du paon (The Vows of the Peacock)
- Amir Khusrow – Noh-Sepehr (Nine Skies; masnavi)
- Arnaut Vidal de Castelnou d'Ari – Guilhem de la Barra
- c. 1320–35
- c. 1320–30
- Jacob of Liège – Speculum musicae
- c. 1321
- Liber Legum Regum Antiquorum (attributed to Andrew Horn)
- c. 1321–23
- Sānguózhì Pínghuà (三國志平話, "Story of Records of the Three Kingdoms")
- c. 1329–32
- c. 1330–40
- ca. 1330–1400
- 1338–14 (first published 1396–1397)
- Michael of Northgate (translator) – Ayenbite of Inwyt
- c. 1340–41
- c. 1340–1349
- c. 1350
- c. 1352
- Bahubali Pandita of Sringeri – Dharmanathapuranam
- Wynnere and Wastoure (anonymous)
- c. 1355
- c. 1360–84
- c. 1367
- The Travels of Sir John Mandeville (anonymous)
- Geoffroy IV de la Tour Landry – The Book of the Knight of the Tower
- Kakuichi (compiler) – The Tale of the Heike (平家物語, Heike Monogatari)
- Ibn Marzuq – The Correct and Fine Traditions About the Glorious Deeds of our Master Abu 'l-Hasan (Musnad as-sahid al-hasan fi maʿathir mawlana Abi 'l Hasan)
- c. 1374
- Jacobus de Teramo – Consolatio peccatorum, seu Processus Luciferi contra Jesum Christum
- Red Book of Hergest (soon after this date)
- c. 1383
- Late 1380s
- Walter Hilton – The Scale of Perfection
- John Trevisa – translation of Ranulf Higden's Polychronicon, including "Dialogue on Translation Between a Lord and a Clerk"
- Gopalraj Vamshavali (गोपालराज वंशावली, a history of Nepal)
- c. 1390
- Anonymous – The Forme of Cury (earliest cookbook in the English language)
- Lady Julian of Norwich – Revelations of Divine Love, first published book in English language to be written by a woman.
- Mangaraja II – Mangaraja Nighantu (lexicon, 1398)
- 'Pearl Poet'
- Sayana – commentary on the Vedas.
- Ipomadon (Middle English tail-rhyme verse version; earliest likely date)
- South English Legendary
- Völsunga saga (approximate date of written version)
- Water Margin (水浒传, Shui Hu Zhuan; approximate date of earliest components known)
- c. 1399
- Christine de Pizan
- Cent Ballades d'Amant et de Dame, Virelyas, Rondeaux
- L'Épistre au Dieu d'amours
- L'Épistre de Othéa a Hector
- Christine de Pizan
- Li Qianfu – Circle of Chalk (Chinese: 灰闌記; pinyin: huīlán jì)
- c. 1350 – Misteri d'Elx (Valencian)
- Late 14th century – Ordinalia (Middle Cornish)
- 1303 – Bridget of Sweden (Birgitta Birgersdotter), Swedish mystic, writer and saint (died 1373)
- 1304 – Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) Tuscan poet (died 1374)
- 1313 – Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian writer (died 1375)
- c. 1315 or 1317 – Hafez, Persian poet (died 1390)
- 1320 – Lalleshwari, Kashmiri Hindu poet (died 1392)
- 1332: May 27 – Ibn Khaldun, North African historiographer and philosopher (died 1406)
- c. 1332 – Catherine of Vadstena, Swedish mystic, writer and saint (died 1381)
- 1333 – Kan'ami (Kan'ami Kiyotsugu (観阿弥 清次), Japanese Noh actor (died 1384)
- c. 1340–45 – Walter Hilton, English mystic writing in Latin and English (died 1396)
- c. November 1342 – Julian of Norwich, English religious writer and mystic (died c. 1416)
- 1343 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet (died 1400)
- 1347 – Catherine of Siena, Italian theologian and saint (died 1380)
- 1348 – Jan of Jenštejn, Archbishop of Prague, writer, composer and poet (died 1400)
- c. 1363 – Zeami Motokiyo (世阿弥 元清), Japanese Noh actor and playwright (died c. 1443)
- 1364 – Christine de Pizan, Venetian-born Middle French court poet and writer (died c. 1430)
- c. 1368 – Thomas Hoccleve, English poet and clerk (died 1426)
- c. 1373 – Margery Kempe, English mystic and autobiographer (died c. 1440)
- 1378 – Zhu Quan (朱權), Prince of Ning, Chinese military commander, feudal lord, historian and playwright (died 1448)
- 1384 – Enrique de Villena, Spanish writer, theologian and poet (died 1434)
- 1393 – John Capgrave, English historian and scholastic theologian (died 1464)
- 1398 – Íñigo López de Mendoza, 1st Marquis of Santillana, Castilian politician and poet (died 1458)
- After 1306 – Adam de la Halle, French trouvère poet (born c. 1237)
- 1308 – Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher and theologian (born c. 1266)
- 1309 – Angela of Foligno, Italian mystic and saint (born 1248)
- 1310 – Marguerite Porete, French mystic (burnt as heretic, year of birth unknown)
- 1315: 10 March – Agnes Blannbekin, Austrian Beguine and Christian mystic (born c. 1244)
- c. 1315 – Ramon Llull, Majorcan polymath and novelist in Catalan (born c. 1232)
- 1321: 14 September – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (born c. 1265)
- 1349: September – Richard Rolle, English hermit, mystic and religious writer (probably born between 1390 and 1400)
- c. 1350 – Yoshida Kenkō (吉田 兼好), Japanese author and Buddhist monk (probably born 1283)
- 1364: 12 March – Ranulf Higden, English chronicler
- 1373: 23 July – Bridget of Sweden (Birgitta Birgersdotter), Swedish mystic, writer and saint
- 1374: 19 July – Petrarch, Italian poet
- 1375: 21 December – Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian poet
- 1377: April – Guillaume de Machaut, French poet and composer
- 1381: 24 March – Catherine of Vadstena, Swedish mystic, writer and saint
- 1392 – Lalleshwari, Kashmiri Shaivite poet and mystic
- 1395: 13 March – John Barbour, Scottish poet
- 1396: 24 March – Walter Hilton, English Augustinian mystic writing in Latin and English (born c. 1340–45)
- 1400: 15 December – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet (born c. 1343)
- Arthur Conan Doyle's novel Sir Nigel (1905–06) is set in 1350–56; The White Company (1891) in 1366–67.
- Umberto Eco's novel The Name of the Rose (Il Nome della Rosa, 1980) is set in 1327.
- Walter Scott's novel Castle Dangerous (1831) is set around 1306; The Fair Maid of Perth (1828) is set around 1396.
- Sommerfeldt, Historisches Jahrbuch (Munich, 1909), XXX, 46–61
- Strohm, Paul (2014). The Poet's Tale: Chaucer and the year that made the Canterbury Tales. London: Profile Books. ISBN 978-178125-059-4.
- History Today, Vol. 65/5, May 2015 Retrieved 4 May 2017.
- Francesc Eiximenis. Història de la nostra gastronomia Article by Juan A. FernándezSóller, 29 May 2010, p18 (in Catalan)
- "10 things to know about Norwich" (PDF). UNESCO. November 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
- "Dante Alighieri". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
- Reetzke, James. Biographical Sketches: A Brief History of the Lord's Recovery. Chicago: Chicago Bibles and Books, 2003: 29. Print.
- Al-islam.org