Helgøy

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Helgøy herred
View of Torsvåg on Vannøya, a part of Helgøy municipality
View of Torsvåg on Vannøya, a part of Helgøy municipality
Official logo of Helgøy herred
Troms within
Norway
Helgøy within Troms
Helgøy within Troms
Coordinates: 70°06′46″N 19°21′47″E / 70.11278°N 19.36306°E / 70.11278; 19.36306Coordinates: 70°06′46″N 19°21′47″E / 70.11278°N 19.36306°E / 70.11278; 19.36306
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictHålogaland
Established1 Sept 1886
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreHelgøya
Area
 • Total659 km2 (254 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1964)
 • Total1,495
 • Density2.3/km2 (5.9/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Helgøyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1935
Preceded byKarlsøy in 1886
Succeeded byKarlsøy in 1964

Helgøy is a former municipality in Troms county, Norway. The 659-square-kilometre (254 sq mi) island municipality existed from 1886 until its dissolution in 1964. It was located in the western part of the present-day Karlsøy Municipality. The municipality included the islands of Helgøya, Grøtøya, and Nordkvaløya, large parts of the nearby islands of Rebbenesøya, Ringvassøya, Vannøya, and many smaller surrounding islands. The administrative centre was located on the south side of the island of Helgøya in a small village where Helgøy Church is also located.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the island of Helgøya (Old Norse: Helgøy). The name means den hellige øy or "the holy island" since the first element helgi means "sanctuary" or "holy" and the second part øy is identical for the word "island". Historically, the municipal name was spelled Helgø (before about 1919), but since that time the name has had a "y" at the end.[2][3]

History[edit]

From ancient times, a Helgøy parish has existed. In 1838, municipal self-government was introduced in Norway (see formannskapsdistrikt), and the Helgøy parish was made a part of Karlsøy Municipality. Helgøy grew as a trading post under Christian Figenschou, but residents soon became dissatisfied with the municipal government based in Karlsøy.

The municipality of Helgøy was established on 1 September 1886 when the western part of the old Karlsøy Municipality was separated to form a municipality of its own. Helgøy Municipality had an initial population of 828. Despite being separated, the two municipalities still had a common priest, sheriff, and doctor, but all these were residents in Karlsøy. From 1886 to 1892, Christian Figenschou was the mayor of Helgøy. After 1886, residents began developing a local town center on Helgøya island, with Helgøy Church, a rectory, a farm, and flourishing trade. A small village grew up around the church site and a permanent school in the parish was added on Helgøya island. Steam ships regularly stopped here and a post office was established. After 1928, a doctor and sheriff were permanently located here.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, a merger took place between the municipality of Helgøy and most of Karlsøy Municipality (except the mainland areas which became part of Lyngen Municipality). Prior to the merger, Helgøy had a population of 1,495.[4]

Government[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Helgøy was made up of 15 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Helgøy Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [5]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)5
Total number of members:15
Helgøy Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [6]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)5
Total number of members:15
Helgøy Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [7]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:12
Helgøy Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [8]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:12
Helgøy Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:12
Helgøy Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ a b Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2018-04-09). "Helgøy". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 174.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.

External links[edit]